Types of Chemical Peels
Light Chemical Peels
A light chemical peel may be the right choice if you have uneven pigmentation, dryness, acne or fine wrinkling. The solution used is usually comprised of alpha hydroxyl acids such as glycolic, lactic, salicylic or fruit acids, all of which are commonly used in stronger concentrations for deeper peels. Light peels are ideal for those who want the benefits of a facial peel but do not wish to spend the time required to recover from a deeper peel. This type of peel removes only the epidermis through light exfoliation, resulting in a healthier glow. These treatments may be repeated at regular intervals to achieve desired results.
Medium Chemical Peels
Acne scars, deeper wrinkles and uneven skin color can all be treated with a medium chemical peel. The chemicals used will remove cells from both the epidermis and the upper part of the middle layer, the dermis. Agents frequently used for medium depth chemical peeling include trichloroacetic acid (TCA), Jessner’s solution and glycolic acid. Similar to a light chemical peel, medium peels require less downtime than a deeper peel. TCA peels are the preferred choice for patients with darker skin.
Deep Chemical Peels
If you have deep facial wrinkles, sun-damaged skin, scars, areas that appear blotchy or even pre-cancerous growth, deep chemical peels can treat these conditions. A deep chemical peel uses phenol acid to produce dramatic, long-lasting results. The procedure takes longer than other peels, lasting one to two hours, and requires the longest healing time. Phenol acid is typically only used for facial peels. For this peel, you may need a local anesthetic and a sedative to manage any discomfort. Pretreatment to prepare your skin for the peel and speed the healing process, may be necessary for up to eight weeks before the procedure. Pretreatment may include use of a retinoic acid cream or gel. This works to thin the skin’s surface layer, allowing the chemical solution to penetrate more evenly and deeply.
Chemical solution can smooth skin texture and uneven skin tone. There are a large variety of peel solutions which helps to improve melasma, aging spots, sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles. Some weaker chemical peel like AHA is great for people on the go who don’t want any downtime.